Iowa Marijuana Laws

Marijuana is illegal in Iowa for any use, except for limited, non-intoxicating medical use. Paraphernalia and concentrates are also banned. The state imposes relatively harsh penalties on even low-level offenders, and no aspect of cannabis is decriminalized.

Latest news
Call Attorney

LATEST NEWS

ALL IOWA NEWS

LATEST NEWS

Latest News

ALL IOWA NEWS

LAW BREAKDOWN

LAW BREAKDOWNS

Marijuana is illegal in Iowa for any use, except for limited, non-intoxicating medical use. Paraphernalia and concentrates are also banned. The state imposes relatively harsh penalties on even low-level offenders, and no aspect of cannabis is decriminalized.

Possession

Possession of any amount of marijuana for personal use is a misdemeanor. The top penalties for a first offense are six months in jail and $1,000 in fines. The maximum sentence for a second offense is one year in jail and $1,875 in fines. A third and subsequent offense carries a top penalty of two years in prison and $6,250 in fines. Drug treatment may be imposed on offenders deemed to be addicts.

Offense Penalty Incarceration Max. Fine
Any amount (first offense) Misdemeanor Misdemeanor $ 1,000
Any amount (second offense) Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,875
Any amount (third offense) Misdemeanor 2 years $ 6,250
Offenders who are chronic abusers of marijuana may be sent to rehab.

Scroll to see the rest of the table.

Cultivation or Distribution

Delivery or possession with intent to delivery half an ounce of marijuana without remuneration is treated the same as simple possession in Iowa.

Any other cultivation, distribution, or sale of cannabis is a felony. If the weight is 50 kilograms or less, the top penalty is five years in prison and a $7,500 fine. If the weight is between 50 and 100 kilograms, penalties increase to a maximum of 10 years in prison and $50,000. For amounts between 100 and 1,000 kilograms, the sentence tops out at 25 years in prison and $100,000. And for amounts exceeding 1,000 kilograms, the potential sentence is 50 years in prison and $1 million in fines.

Any sale of distribution involving a minor is a felony, subject to a mandatory minimum of five years in prison, a maximum of 25 years, and potential fines of $100,000. Selling to a minor within 1000 feet of a park, school or school bus comes with an increased mandatory minimum of 10 years imprisonment, as well as a $100,000 maximum fine.

Offense Penalty Incarceration Max. Fine
50 kg or less Felony 5 years $ 7,500
More than 50 – 100 kg Felony 10 years $ 50,000
More than 100 – 1000 kg Felony 25 years $ 100,000
More than 1000 kg Felony 50 years $ 1,000,000
Involving a minor Felony 5* – 25 years $ 100,000
To a minor within 1000 feet of a park, elementary or middle school, or school bus Felony 10 years* $ 100,000
* Mandatory minimum sentence
Distribution includes possession with intent to distribute

Scroll to see the rest of the table.

Hashish and Concentrates

Concentrated marijuana, including oils and hashish, is treated the same as other cannabis. That means there are no extra penalties for possession, cultivation, sale, or distribution, and the same weight limits apply.

Offense Penalty Incarceration Max. Fine
Penalties for hashish are the same as for marijuana except in one circumstance. Please see the marijuana penalties section for further details.

Scroll to see the rest of the table.

Paraphernalia

Marijuana paraphernalia includes any items used in the cultivation, harvesting, processing, testing, analysis, storage, or use of marijuana. Possession of marijuana paraphernalia is legal in California, but unless authorized by law, it is a crime to sell it, deliver it, possess it with intent to sell it, or manufacture it with intent. Any such offense is a misdemeanor and is punishable by up to one year in a county jail or state prison.

Any paraphernalia offense involving a minor at least three years younger than the offender is also a misdemeanor with a maximum penalty of one year in jail, as well as a potential fine of $1,000.

Offense Penalty Incarceration Max. Fine
Possession, distribution, or manufacture of paraphernalia Misdemeanor 6 months $ 1,000

Scroll to see the rest of the table.

Other Offenses

It is a misdemeanor in Iowa to sponsor, promote, or assist in a gathering where marijuana will be possessed, used, or distributed. The top punishment is one year in jail and a fine of up to $1,875.

Miscellaneous

Offense Penalty Incarceration Max. Fine
Sponsoring, promoting, or assisting in a gathering where marijuana will be used, distributed, or possessed Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,875
Possession with intent to sell large amounts can lead to an automatic driver’s license suspension.

Scroll to see the rest of the table.

Medical Marijuana

MEDICAL MARIJUANA

Iowa’s has legalized the use and possession of CBD oil for patients suffering from any of a list of debilitating conditions. However, since licensed dispensaries are not yet operational, the only way patients can obtain CBD is to obtain it from neighboring states with similar programs (see HF 524).

QUALIFYING CONDITIONS:

AIDS/HIV, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Cancer, Cancer-related chronic pain, nausea, or cachexia, Crohn’s disease, Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Intractable epilepsy, Terminal illness, Untreatable pain

PATIENT POSSESSION LIMITS:
Limited amounts of CBD oil

HOME CULTIVATION:
No.

STATE-LICENSED DISPENSARIES:
Not yet. HF 425 allows the establishment of two state-licensed medical cannabis manufacturers.

CAREGIVERS:
No

RECIPROCITY:
HF 524 allows qualifying patients to obtain medical cannabis from neighboring states in which CBD is legal.

Marijuana Attorney Directory

Iowa Marijuana Attorneys

The following Iowa lawyers are actively involved in the practice of cannabis law: